SWS SURVEY | 50% of Pinoy families consider themselves poor
2 months ago
January 12, 2019 – The number of Filipino families who consider themselves poor or “mahirap” declined in the fourth quarter, a Social Weather Stations (SWS) survey revealed.
The poll conducted from December 16 to 19 showed that among 1, 440 adult respondents, or an estimated 11.6 million families, 50 percent rated themselves poor.
This is 2 percentage points lower compared to last September’s 52 percent (estimated 12.2 million families), which followed the 10-point increase for two consecutive quarters.
“The proportion of Self-Rated Poor families was at 42% in March 2018. It rose by 6 points to 48% in June, and by 4 points to 52% in September. It subsided by 2 points to 50% in December,” SWS said.
Among the 50 percent who classified themselves as poor, 7 percent said they were “newly poor” while 6 percent said they were “usually poor.” The remaining 37 percent believed they were “always poor.”
SWS defined “newly poor” as those who used to be non-poor 1 to 4 years ago, “usually poor” as those who used to be non-poor five or more years ago. “Always poor” was for those who have never experienced being non-poor.
The poll body attributed the decrease in self-rated poverty (SRP) nationwide to the 16-point decline in Mindanao (49 percent) and six-point drop in the Visayas (61 percent).
However, the SRP increased by 4 points both in Balance Luzon (51 percent) and Metro Manila (30 percent).
Meanwhile, the number of families who consider themselves “food-poor” dropped by 2 points from 36 percent (estimated 8.5 million families) in September to 34 percent (7.9 million families) in December.
SWS said a household needs a monthly budget of P10,000 for home expenses to not consider itself poor in general. Respondents in the poll conducted, however, said they lack half of the amount they need.
The survey had sampling error margins of ±2.6 percent for national percentages, and ±5 percent each for Balance Luzon, Metro Manila, Visayas and Mindanao.